APFS BootROM Support: If you have a machine that supports High Sierra natively, you MUST ensure you have the latest version of the system's BootROM installed. If you have NOT previously installed High Sierra, you can download and install this package to install the latest BootROM version. When installing, ensure your system is plugged in to power, or the update will not be installed.
Early-2008 or newer Mac Pro, iMac, or MacBook Pro:
iMac11,x (systems with AMD Radeon HD 5xxx and 6xxx series GPUs will be almost unusable when running Catalina.)
iMac12,x (systems with AMD Radeon HD 5xxx and 6xxx series GPUs will be almost unusable when running Catalina.)
Late-2008 or newer MacBook Air or Aluminum Unibody MacBook:
Early-2009 or newer Mac Mini or white MacBook:
Macmini5,x (systems with AMD Radeon HD 6xxx series GPUs will be almost unusable when running Catalina.)
Early-2008 or newer Xserve:
Machines that ARE NOT supported:
2006-2007 Mac Pros, iMacs, MacBook Pros, and Mac Minis:
— The 2007 iMac 7,1 is compatible if the CPU is upgraded to a Penryn-based Core 2 Duo, such as a T9300.
2008 MacBook Air (MacBookAir 1,1)
Non-Metal GPU application support: When running Catalina on a machine that does not have a Metal-compatible video card, the included Maps app will not function properly. (Photos, which previously did not work, now works as of the latest Catalina version.)
AMD/ATI Radeon HD 5xxx and 6xxx series graphics acceleration: Currently, it is not possible to achieve full graphics acceleration under Catalina on any machines that use a Radeon HD 5xxx or 6xxx series GPU. If you have a machine with one of these GPUs installed, I'd advise upgrading it if possible (can be done in 2010/2011 iMacs, iMac11,x-12,x), disabling the dedicated GPU if using a 2011 15" or 17" MacBook Pro (MacBookPro8,2/8,3, instructions to do so can be found here), or not installing Catalina. Running Catalina without full graphics acceleration will result in extremely poor system performance.
2008 Mac Pro 3,1 AMD GPU Support: Currently, newer AMD video cards will NOT work on the Mac Pro 3,1 under Catalina, due to lack of SSE4.2 CPU support. This means that NO newer AMD video card (Radeon HD 7xxx series and later) can be used on the Mac Pro 3,1 when running Catalina.